12 Strategies to Protect Coastal Habitat & Marine Environments

Impacts of Natural Disaster on Tourism

 

Considering the most terrible impacts of environmental threats on tourism industries, it would indicates a tragic event, which is natural disasters, for us and the nature. Recently, Mexico was faced to a economical, social, and environmental crisis from the unpredictable disaster, the magnitude 8.0 earthquake. This event reminded me about the tremendous earthquake in Japan.

On March 2011, this natural disaster destroyed cities and killed a lot of people; moreover, it also gave the negative impacts to tourism industries in Japan. As the famous fact, this disaster and tsunami caused by the earthquake damaged many nuclear power plants in Japan, and the power plants closed their operation because of a radiation leak. People living near the nuclear power plants had to evacuate or move to other cities. From closing the operation of the power plants, eastern side of Japan did not receive sufficient energy supply and many places did not own electricity in couple days or weeks. As a matter of course, tourism such as snow resorts must stop their operation even after electricity was back on the cities because tourists did not come back there in few days. In this event, tourism industries lost profits from their usual operation and tourists, who were already staying at the resorts during the earthquake, not only spent their time and money without any tours or fun activities, but also could not go back to their home because no transportation was available. Therefore, the natural disaster highly threaten tourism.

Based on my experience about this 2011 earthquake in Japan, I would like to inform how Japan and tourism industries combated this natural treats. I visited a snow resort, Yuzawa-machi in Nigata prefecture, to meet with my friend two weeks after the earthquake happened. My initial plan to visit there was for snowboarding. However, I changed a reason to visit the resort from snowboarding to purchasing local foods because Tokyo, which I lived, did not also own enough food supply. At this short trip to the snow resort, I could see and hear some efforts of the resort from local people and my friend. The efforts were

  • Hotels around the resort well prepared evacuation plans such as setting emergency information board in each floors, supplying water, and informing of locations for evacuation for the earthquake.
  • Ski areas immediately stop their operation including ski lifts and inform their customer of how they can evacuate fromthe areas smoothly.
  • Cities including snow resorts inform residents and tourists of only appropriate information in order to reduce man-caused disaster such as robbery and their concern.

As the reason why Japan can adapt this disaster well, Japanese people are consistently taking lectures about the earthquake since they are children. And most people noticed that the tremendous earthquake happened suddenly. Therefore, well education and enough data were really significant solution at that time. Moreover, after the horrible condition was fixed, tourism industries showed sufficient data about an amount of radiation and safe level of the location on their website in order to encourage their customers to come back there.

 
Glossary

Citation

Minotani, T. (2017). Impacts of Natural Disaster on Tourism. Retrieved from http://www.bluecommunity.info/view/article/59c092370cf21390392774ec

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