Blue Community Program Coastal Sustainability Best Practices

Best Practices for Conserving Biodiversity, Ecosystems and Landscapes

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​Conserving biodiversity involves careful management and planning in the tourism sector so that negative impacts are reduced. Tourism plays a large role in the influence of biodiversity, ecosystems and landscapes. Tourism industries can contribute to sustainable practices by having a management strategy, ensure resources are not negatively impacted, pollution and waste management, act as a role model for other tourism businesses in the community, and providing educational opportunities for employees and guests. Production operations that are ran in a clean manner will minimize biodiversity and ecosystem impacts. This means using energy efficient machinery and materials for construction and green infrastructure. When building new hotels or businesses, it is important to consider the biodiversity, land and ecosystems surrounding the area. For example, there are resorts that have been built around trees rather than cutting them down. There is a resort called Bali Eco Stay, located in Bali, that built their bungalows above ground level, so that no plants or species were damaged.

Raising awareness of environmental issues in the community and among tourists will increase knowledge and appreciation of the environment and natural resources. Laws and regulations can protect native species and ecosystems so that preservation is in place. Providing information of environmental consequences, specifically at tourism attractions, parks, natural areas, and historic sites can also conserve ecosystems and biodiversity. Initiatives and programs such as cleanup projects, gardening, composting, reforesting, and recycling can all benefit the area. Policies and regulations that resorts have created for tourists to follow will also play an important role. These policies can protect nature from tourism activities, such as rules against touching, stepping or in any way tampering with endangered plants or animals. Assessing fines or offering incentives could help ensure policies are followed. The tourism industry can help protect our environment and operate sustainably, however they must act for this to occur.

Figure 1: Image by Courtney Magner



Magner, C. (2017). Best Practices for Conserving Biodiversity, Ecosystems and Landscapes. Retrieved from


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