Blue Community Program Coastal Sustainability Best Practices

Preserving the Geo-tourism features of Mozambique

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Geo-tourism is tourism that sustains or enhances the geographical character of a place. Geo-tourism engages tourists, making them have a more authentic experience. Through geo-tourism, residents also gain a deeper appreciation for what makes their place unique. On a recent expedition to Africa, I fell in love with Mozambique and all that it had to offer. Currently, Mozambique is experiencing civil conflict, which is why I feel it's an excellent candidate for preserving its geo-tourism features. Due to its rich biodiversity, a culture and heritage that remains intact, Mozambique should be selected as a high priority region. With public participation and a well though out plan to protect and preserve Mozambique, this region could once again thrive. 

The esteemed evolutionary biologist E.O. Wilson stated, "To save biodiversity, we need to set aside halt the earth's surface as a natural preserve (New York Times, 2016)." Wilson has identified Mozambique as a high priority area for conservation and preservation. Wilson has a biodiversity research facility in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique. To date, the Gorongosa Restoration Project has, "revitalized anti-poaching teams, rebuilt park infrastructure, conducted biological monitoring, reintroduced zebra, wildebeest, buffalo, elephant, and hippopotamus, established a school, a community education center, a medical clinic and agriculture programs (Gorongosa)." Efforts like this must continue to be made in this region. It's suggested that Mozambique works to mitigate climate change impacts, continue to preserve habitat, maintain biological diversity, and support legislation such as endangered species protection. 

Photo: Ivy Yin (Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique)

Mozambique has many historic sites such as Lake Malawi, Island of Mozambique, Museum of the Revolution, Bazaruto National Park, Matemo Island, Banhine National Park, Inhaca Island, and Nissan Reserve to name just a few. Archeological sites include Manyikeni, Chibuene, and Ngalue. Mozambique also has many geological sites. Threats to Mozambique include Chinese trade and investment in the Mozambican timber industry. Managing trade and investment will be an important task for Mozambique to succeed in protecting and preserving these important sites. 

Art, food, music and crafts are also part of the beauty of Mozambique. Mozambique has used art, food, music, and crafts as a way to express themselves. Throughout the year, Mozambique has many cultural events celebrating art, music, food, and its independence. Continuing to celebrate these events is important in preserving this culture. It would also be recommended that Mozambique continues to develop places for local musicians to perform, support young people in education to carry on musical traditions, and sponsor local tourism and cuisine tours. 

Geo-tourism and traditional knowledge can help preserve cultural heritage, the environment and provide. income for local communities in Mozambique. The MDG Fund states, "Traditional knowledge passed down through generations is a valuable and unique resource to all cultures and societies. how this knowledge can be used to improve developing planning and implementation is becoming an increasingly important part of contemporary development practice (MDG Fund)." If managed correctly, geo-tourism will help sustain and enhance the geographical character of Mozambique while improving the well-being of its residents. 

Photo: Ivy Yin (Mozambique)

 

References: 

www.gorongosa.org/blog/park-news/edward-o-wilson-biodiversity-lab-opens

www.mdgfund.org/node/1609

www.nytimes.com/2016/03/01/science/e-o-wilson-half-earth-biodiversity.html

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Yin, I. (2017). Preserving the Geo-tourism features of Mozambique. Retrieved from http://www.bluecommunity.info/view/blog/5a1b6f1f0cf26bc6ab8f1668

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